Climate warming is causing sea level to rise at an increasing rate, primarily a consequence of melting polar ice caps and thermal expansion of the warming ocean. Florida sea level rise is further increased by freshwater ice melt in the arctic slowing the Gulf Stream. By 2050, sea level at St. Petersburg is projected to be over a foot higher than it is in 2020. Tidal flooding will increase in tandem, along with further saltwater intrusion into Florida’s porous limestone bedrock.
While hurricanes have always been a part of Florida’s weather, climate warming appears to be changing the behavior of hurricanes, with increasing numbers of intense hurricanes with higher wind speed and greater precipitation. Hurricane Harvey in 2017, for example, would have been a once in a hundred years precipitation event in the historical record. In today’s warming climate, destructive storms like Harvey are now a once in sixteen years event. Protecting Florida’s coastal communities will be an increasingly critical issue in the future.
Toxic algal blooms are becoming increasingly common in Florida, a trend largely driven by nitrogen-rich fertilizer that finds its way to the ocean, accelerating algae growth. Climate warming exacerbates the problem, with extreme precipitation washing greater quantities of nitrogen into the ocean, warm water and higher levels of carbon dioxide stimulating algae growth, and sea level rise adding more shallow, warm water along the coast.
In the past, Florida’s exceptionally diverse ecosystems and species have developed and adapted slowly, in concert with natural changes in climate. However, rapid human modification of the landscape has put ecosystems under stress, rendering them less resilient to today’s much faster rates of climate change. Sea level rise will reduce the remaining habitat of many species in coastal ecosystems, while the warming climate is likely to render many native species increasingly vulnerable to pathogens and parasites.
Climate warming and increasing variability influence human health in Florida directly and indirectly through temperature, humidity, precipitation, air quality and the frequency of severe storms. The frequency of extremely high air temperatures is predicted to increase, with the attendant risk of heat stroke, dehydration and cardiovascular and nervous system issues. Higher humidity will increase the heat index and the health risks still further.
Climate Adaptation Center
The Climate Adaptation Center Inc. (CAC) is an independent, not-for-profit organization, headquartered in Sarasota, Florida. CAC is a hub for understanding Florida’s evolving climate, exploring synergies among science, business and government to help individuals and businesses to adapt and thrive in a dynamic climate.
Building on a strong interdisciplinary foundation, encompassing climate science, technology development and business strategy, the CAC team filters the daily cascade of science and technology information to build a curated collection of actionable information covering the Florida climate issues.
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